sulphuric acid biogenic

sulphuric acid biogenic

Why H2S Results in Biogenic Sulfide Corrosion and How to ...

Dec 06, 2018· Biogenic sulfide corrosion, a bacterially mediated process of hydrogen sulfide gas with the conversion to sulfuric acid, attacks concrete and steel within wastewater environments. Therefore, the goal of designers is to eliminate corrosion and health hazards associated with H2S.

Potential Role of Stabilized Criegee Radicals in Sulfuric ...

We present field observations made in June 2011 downwind of Dallas–Fort Worth, TX, and evaluate the role of stabilized Criegee radicals (sCIs) in gaseous sulfuric acid (H2SO4) production. Zero-dimensional model calculations show that sCI from biogenic volatile organic compounds composed the majority of the sCIs. The main uncertainty associated with an evaluation of H2SO4 production from the ...

Resistance to biogenic sulphuric acid corrosion of polymer ...

The aim of the research is to ameliorate the resistance of concrete to biogenic sulphuric acid attack through polymer modi®cation. Prior to the durability tests, experimental research is carried out to reveal the in¯uence of polymer modi®cation on the physical and mechanical properties of mortar and concrete.

Atmospheric aerosol formation from biogenic vapors is ...

Dec 14, 2018· Atmospheric aerosol formation from biogenic vapors is strongly affected by air pollutants ... Earlier it was thought that new particle formation always requires sulfuric acid…

Using concrete admixtures for sulphuric acid resistance

Using concrete admixtures for sulphuric acid resistance E. Hewayde PhD, PEng, M. L. Nehdi PhD, PEng, E. Allouche PhD, PEng and G. Nakhla PhD, PEng The degradation of concrete sewer pipes by sulphuric acid attack is a problem of global scope, resulting in substantial

Biodeterioration of mineral materials by microorganisms ...

Biodeterioration involving biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion, which under natural conditions needs eight times as long, was detectable within a few months. The results differed from those of purely chemical and/or physical tests of materials. Physical/chemical test methods are not sufficient to determine the resistance of materials to biological ...

Multicomponent new particle formation from sulfuric acid ...

Dec 01, 2018· The total MT mixing ratio was varied between 100 and 1500 pptv. The background sulfuric acid concentration for those experiments was <2 × 10 5 cm −3. Then, 1 to 5 ppbv of SO 2 were added to study the influence of sulfuric acid on pure biogenic nucleation, resulting in sulfuric acid concentrations of 5 × 10 6 to 6 × 10 7 cm −3.

Biogenic sulfuric acid attack on different types of ...

Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion occurs in environments with high hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentration, moisture, and atmospheric oxygen, and is one of the most rapid causes of concrete ...

Corrosion - Wikipedia

In the presence of oxygen (aerobic), some bacteria may directly oxidize iron to iron oxides and hydroxides, other bacteria oxidize sulfur and produce sulfuric acid causing biogenic sulfide corrosion. Concentration cells can form in the deposits of corrosion products, leading to localized corrosion.

Characterization of sulfur oxidizing bacteria related to ...

Jul 18, 2016· Biogenic sulfuric acid (BSA) corrosion damages sewerage and wastewater treatment facilities but is not well investigated in sludge digesters. Sulfur/sulfide oxidizing bacteria (SOB) oxidize sulfur compounds to sulfuric acid, inducing BSA corrosion. To …

Multicomponent new particle formation from sulfuric acid ...

Multicomponent new particle formation from sulfuric acid, ammonia, and biogenic vapors. Article ... We postulate a novel mechanism, involving HOMs, sulfuric acid, and ammonia, which is able to ...

RESEARCH ARTICLES Oxidation Products of Biogenic …

chamber at CERN, that sulfuric acid and oxidized organic vapors at atmospheric concentrations reproduce particle nucleation rates observed in the lower atmosphere. The experiments reveal a nucleation mechanism involving the formation of clusters containing sulfuric acid and oxidized organic molecules from the very first step.

Atmospheric aerosol formation from biogenic vapors is ...

Dec 17, 2018· Earlier it was thought that new particle formation always requires sulfuric acid, which forms from the oxidation ... Atmospheric aerosol formation from biogenic vapors is strongly affected by ...

Chemical, microbiological, and in situ test methods for ...

Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion is often a problem in sewer environment: it can lead to a fast degradation of the concrete structures. Since the involvement of bacteria in the corrosion process was discovered, considerable microbiological research has been devoted to the understanding of the corrosive process.

Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion resistance of new ...

Jan 15, 2018· Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion resistance was studied by analyzing the surface and localized morphology, mass loss and compressive strength of both concrete specimens. The corrosion products were investigated by environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR).

Assessment of biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion in sewers.

Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion is caused by hydrogen sulfide gas which is released by the effluents in sewers and which is converted into sulfuric acid by sulfur bacteria in humid areas above the water level. After a brief explanation of these processes, this paper discusses calculation methods for forecasting the possibility of H2S formation in effluents in 2 predisposing environments...

Accelerated Biogenic Sulfuric-Acid Corrosion Test for ...

For a reliable result, the interactions between living organisms and their substratum are essential and need to be taken into account. This task is achieved by the use of our simulation chamber for biogenic sulfuric-acid corrosion. The biologically-influenced corrosion is remodeled under conditions favoring the relevant microorganisms.

Predicting Life Expectancy of Concrete Septic Tanks ...

Predicting Life Expectancy of Concrete Septic Tanks Exposed to Sulphate and Biogenic Sulphuric Acid Attack A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Engineering Md Saeed Hasan B.Sc. Eng. (Civil) School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering RMIT University August 2009

BIOGENIC SULPHURIC ACID ATTACK OF CONCRETE ... - trid.trb.org

Biogenic sulphuric acid corrosion is a phenomenon which occurs mainly in sewer pipes. The process consists of four stages: the reduction of sulphate to sulphide; the transition of sulphide to hydrogen sulphide gas in the sewer atmosphere; the re-oxidation of the sulphide gas to sulphuric acid in an oxidizing environment of the sewer pipe and ...

Microbial corrosion - Wikipedia

This gas is then emitted in the aerial part of the pipe and can impact the structure in two ways: either directly by reacting with the material and leading to a decrease in pH, or indirectly through its use as a nutrient by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB), growing in oxic conditions, which produce biogenic sulfuric acid.

Characterization of sulfur oxidizing bacteria related to ...

Keywords: Acid attack, Concrete corrosion, Sludge digester, Sulfur oxidizing bacteria,Thiobacillus,Biogenic sulfuric acid, Sulfate reducing organisms Background Microbial deterioration of concrete by biogenic sulfuric acid (BSA) is a serious and common problem in waste-water treatment facilities. Worldwide, maintenance and

Multicomponent new particle formation from sulfuric acid ...

novel mechanism, involving HOMs, sulfuric acid, and ammo nia, which is able to closely reproduce observations of particleformationand growthindaytim eborealforest andsimilarenvironments.Thefindingselucidatethecomplex interactions between biogenic and anthropogenic vapors in the atmospheric aerosol system. INTRODUCTION

Biogenic sulfide corrosion - Wikipedia

Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion (BSA) (finished project, researcher: J. Monteny, for more information contact prof. dr. ir. Nele De Belie ) The state of municipal sewer systems has become a serious concern world-wide, because of the cost of improvements, maintenance and replacement or …

Biogenic corrosion principles - SewperCoat

Biogenic Corrosion, or Microbiolocaly Induced Corrosion (MIC), occurs when specific strains of bacteria "colonize" the sewer surfaces and produce sulfuric acid that "eats away" the materials like concrete, steel, and cast iron. Although microscopic, such bacteria can cause significant damage over time.

Biogenic and Chemical Sulfuric Acid Corrosion of Mortars ...

Measurement of the amount of biogenic sulfuric acid on CAC and portland and blended portland cement mortars demonstrated a higher amount of acid on the latter. The more effective resistance of CAC mortars was explained by the higher neutralization capacity due to their chemical composition and the smaller production of biogenic acid.

What is Biogenic Sulfide Corrosion? - Definition from ...

Biogenic sulfide corrosion is a form of corrosion that is caused by sulfuric acid, which in turn is created by bacteria. Biogenic sulfide corrosion attacks materials such as steel and concrete. Biogenic sulfide corrosion is commonly a problem in the water and wastewater industry.

Flyer Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion (BSA)

BIOGENIC SULFURIC ACID CORROSION (BSA) MATERIALS TESTING The number of damages caused by biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion (BSA) is increasing. The development of materials resistant to BSA requires testing methods that allow for a testing of the materials that is both oriented towards practice and accelerated. To achieve this, test rigs were

Microbiologically induced deterioration of concrete - A Review

Mar 10, 2014· Biogenic sulfuric acid corrosion is often a slow corrosion process (1 mm/year to a maximum of 5 mm/year) (Mori et al., 1991). It would require several years to investigate the difference in the durability of various materials in nature. Researchers have tried …